Le contre-espionnage chinois marque des points.
Les scandales d'espionnages touchant les scandales d'espionnage se multiplient en Chine:
Il y a trois semaines, une information est tombée des agences de presse, annoncant l'interpellation d'un fonctionnaire chinois travaillant pour Taïwan:
Li Jian, fonctionnaire chinois spécialisé sur Taïwan, a été interpellé pour espionnage au profit des services secrets taïwanais. Les sources varient, certaines indiquant que il travaillait a la section taïwanaise du Ministère des transports chinois (en tout cas sur le site du gouvernement chinois je n'ai trouvé aucune référence a un Ministère des transports, ce qui m'a surpris) ou bien comme un des principaux directeurs du Taïwan Affairs Office, et la c'est plus emmerdant. Le Taïwan Affairs Office est au coeur de la définition de la politique vis-a-vis de la Chine nationaliste, indépendante de facto, mais dont Beijing refuse l'indépendance juridique. Selon le site Internet du gouvernement chinois, le Taïwan Affairs Office est chargé de :
1. To study and draft guidelines and policies related to Taiwan affairs; to implement and carry out guidelines and policies related to Taiwan stipulated by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council.
2. To organize, guide, administrate and coordinate the work related to Taiwan affairs of departments under the State Council and of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government; To check and investigate the implemention of the guidelines and policies of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council by central and local departments.
3. To analyse the situations in Taiwan and tendency of development of the cross-Strait relations;to coordinate with the department concerned to draft the laws and regulations involving Taiwan ;to coordinate with overall planning the legal affairs related to Taiwan.
4. According to the arrangement and authorization of the State Council, the Office takes charge of relevant preparations for negotiations and agreements with Taiwan authorities and its authorized public organizations.
5. To administrate and coordinate direct links in mail, transport and trade across the Taiwan Straits; to take charge of the media and publicity work related to Taiwan and release news and information concerning Taiwan affairs; to handle major incidents related to Taiwan.
6. To coordinate and guide with overall planning the economic and trade related to Taiwan and exchanges and cooperation in such areas as finance, culture, academic research, sports, science and technology, health, etc with the departments concerned; To manage personnel exchange,observations and symposiums between the two sides and relevant work on international conference involving Taiwan.
7. To accomplish other tasks that the State Council assigns.
L' arrestation est sans aucun doute, étant donné le caractère de l'affaire, a mettre au crédit côté chinois de la 7ème Division du Guojia Anquanbu, chargée de la sécurité intérieure. Pour l'instant, très peu d'informations sont disponibles sur cette affaire, mais elles indiquent que Li Jian a quitté l'administration chinoise en 1999, pour se lancer dans le monde des affaires, et aurait attiré l'attention des services secrtes chinois en 2000 a cause de la fréquence de ses contacts avec les taïwanais. Etait-il déja recruté alors? Difficile a dire.
Nouveau scandale lundi 10 mars 2008 (Donc hier) venant de sources a Tokyo, indiquant que les autorités chinoises ont accusées deux "diplomates" japonais d'être des espions du Service de Renseignement et d'Analyse du Ministère des affaires étrangères japonais.
Les rares informations font état d'un chinois âgé de 48 ans qui a été jugé pour espionnage devant la Haute court populaire de la municipalité de Beijing en septembre 2006. Le procès a fait état du "traitement" de ce chinois par un haut responsable du renseignement japonais , et un de ses collègues alors en poste sous la couverture diplomatique de 1er secrétaire de l'ambassade du Japon a Pékin. Selon les informations, les parents de ce chinois étaient des reponsables haut placés du Parti Communiste Chinois (On peut donc présumer que il a pu ainsi obtenir des informations a caractère politique qu'il a ensuite transmis a ses officiers traitants japonais)
Ce n'est pas le premier scandale mettant en cause le renseignement japonais, réputé plutôt efficace dans son travail en direction de la Chine. Dans son ouvrage "Les services secrets chinois", Roger Faligot fait par exemple référence a un colonel de l'Armée Populaire de Libération chinoise du nom de Wang Qingqan (cette information n'a toutefois pu être confirmée) , apparement membre du Qingbao, le renseignement militaire chinois, aurait été recruté a la fin des années 90 alors qu'il était officiellement 1er secrétaire de l'ambassade de Chine a Tokyo par les services secrets japonais, avant d'être interpellé a l'été 2007 par le Guoanbu a Beijing..Il aurait été ensuite condamné a mort.
China: Japan diplomats were spies / Court links reporters to espionage
A final ruling handed down by the Higher People's Court of Beijing Municipality in September 2006 concluded that two Japanese diplomats were spies for the Intelligence and Analysis Service of Japan's Foreign Ministry, which it ruled was an espionage organization, sources in Tokyo said Monday.
According to the sources, the ruling said that a current high-ranking ministry official, who had worked at the organization, and the then first secretary of the Japanese Embassy in Beijing were spies.
The ruling was part of the Beijing higher court's decision to uphold a sentence of life imprisonment imposed on a Chinese man, 48, who had met with the two Japanese officials.
It is highly unusual for a Chinese judicial ruling describing an organization of Japan's Foreign Ministry as an espionage group and Japanese diplomats as spies to be made public.
The ruling reflects China's wariness of Japan during the administration of then Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, when bilateral relations had reached a nadir.
According to the sources, the ruling by the Beijing higher court determined that a current high-ranking official of the Foreign Ministry who was in charge of gathering and analyzing information on the Southeast Asia region in 2005 and the first secretary of the Japanese Embassy in Beijing were key agents of the Japanese espionage organization.
The high-ranking official, who had worked at the Japanese embassy in Beijing, often visited China.
The higher court also said that two Japanese news reporters, including a Yomiuri Shimbun reporter, had links with the spy organization, saying they received classified information from the Chinese man.
The Chinese man provided massage services to Japanese tourists.
His parents were high-ranking Chinese Communist Party officials and he had acquaintances at important party organizations.
In spring 2005, when anti-Japan sentiment was sweeping across China, he was detained by Chinese national security authorities.
According to the judgement, despite knowing that the two Japanese officials were spies, the Chinese man handed over classified information to them on several occasions, the sources said.
The judgement also said that in early 2005, when the Chinese man visited Japan on a trip arranged by the two Japanese officials, he handed over confidential telephone directories that were only for use by Communist party and government leaders and other information.
For that, he received an illegal payment of 300,000 yen, the ruling said.
However, the ruling did not mention the content of the classified information or why the Chinese man had spied for Japan, indicating a lack of thoroughness with regard to evidence and facts.
The first secretary who was judged to be a spy still works at the embassy.
Prior to the final judgement made by the higher court, the No. 2 Intermediate People's Court of Beijing Municipality in June 2006 sentenced the man to life imprisonment for spying.
The Chinese man filed an appeal to the higher court, saying he had no way to know that the two Japanese officials were spies.
"I only copied part of a telephone directory that has no confidential information. The 300,000 yen was what they owed for my massage services," he said.
The Beijing higher court reached its final judgement after reviewing the appeal and concluding that the relevant facts were clear.
On Sept. 8, 2006, the higher court upheld the intermediate court ruling, rejecting the appeal.
Since China has a two-level court system, the man's sentence is final.
The trial was not open to the public as Chinese criminal procedure law stipulates that trials in cases related to national secrets be held behind closed doors.
The Yomiuri was unable to find any evidence that its reporter had links with Japan's spy organization after questioning the reporter in question.
The Yomiuri has sought comment from the Foreign Ministry, but the ministry had not responded as of Tuesday night.
An employee of Yomiuri's public relations office said the ruling that a Yomiuri reporter was linked to spying was groundless.
"The accusation is outrageous," he said.
The China Post
China arrested ex-official for alleged spying for Taiwan
Saturday, February 23, 2008
The China Post news staff
TAIPEI, Taiwan -- A former official from China's communications ministry has been arrested by Chinese authorities over alleged espionage claims for Taiwan, a Taiwan newspaper reported yesterday.
Li Jian, a former deputy director of the ministry's Taiwan Affairs Office, was arrested on Lunar New Year's eve for allegedly collecting intelligence for Taiwan, the United Daily News cited "reliable sources" as disclosing.
While at the office, Li played a vital role in a cross-strait agreement in 1997 to introduce the scheme of an "offshore transport center" that would allow faster shipping between Taiwan and China, the paper said.
According to the paper, Li left the ministry to become a businessman. But Chinese authorities put him under surveillance in 2000 after becoming suspicious of his ties with Taiwan.
After seven years of monitoring, Chinese authorities arrested him earlier this month, but refused to disclose details concerning his charges, the paper said.
Li is the third Taiwan affairs official since 1991 that China has arrested on charges of espionage for the island, the paper said.
The highest level of Chinese official ever charged with spying for Taiwan was General Liu Liankun, who was convicted and executed in 1999.
He was said to have provided Taiwan with information concerning the 1996 cross-strait crisis, in which China test-fired missiles into waters near the island in an attempt to intimidate voters from re-electing then President Lee Teng-hui.
The news of Li's arrest came close on the heels of the release of Hong Kong journalist Ching Cheong, who had been jailed in China after being found guilty of spying for Taiwan.
Ching held a press conference Thursday in Hong Kong, denying he had ever been a spy for Taiwan.
Beijing arrests former official for spying for Taiwan
Saturday, Feb 23, 2008, Page 4
A former Chinese transport official in charge of Taiwanese affairs has been arrested for allegedly spying for Taiwan, the Chinese-language United Daily News reported yesterday.
Li Jian (李鑒), who was deputy head of the Taiwan office under China's transport ministry, was arrested earlier this month for allegedly collecting information, the newspaper reported.
Authorities began investigating Li in 2000, a year after he left the ministry following a decade of service, due to his "complicated ties with Taiwan," the report said.
An official with the transport ministry in Beijing confirmed that Li had worked with the ministry and had left "several years ago." The official would not comment further.
Mainland Affairs Council Spokesman Liu Te-shun (劉德勳) confirmed yesterday that Li visited Taiwan several times during his time in office, but stressed that he had been invited each time by professional groups for professional and technical exchanges.
Additional reporting by Jenny W. Hsu
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Former Chinese official in Thai spy rap
February 22 2008 at 10:14AM
Taipei - A former Chinese transport official in charge of Taiwan affairs has been arrested for allegedly spying for Taiwan, according to a newspaper report here on Friday.
Li Jian, who was deputy head of the Taiwan office under China's transport ministry, was arrested earlier this month on espionage charges for collecting information, the United Daily News reported citing unnamed mainland sources.
Li was the third ranking Chinese official handling cross-strait civilian affairs to be held on spy allegations since 1991, the paper said.
Chinese authorities began investigating Li in 2000, a year after he left the transport ministry following a decade of service, due to his "complicated ties with Taiwan," it said.
The paper said China's national security division had refused to disclose details of the case, such as what type of information Li allegedly gathered.
An official with the transport ministry in Beijing confirmed to AFP that Li Jian had previously worked with the ministry and had left "several years ago." The official would not comment further.
Taiwan and China split in 1949 at the end of a civil war, and Beijing still regards the island as part of the mainland awaiting reunification.